10. The harmlessness of metaphysics in the future

You can read the aphorism I discuss here below the main article.


Synopsis and my take on it:

As soon as the origins of “religion, art, and morals” are understood without the use of metaphysical interference or without interference that goes beyond physical nature “at the beginning and in” their progress, the interest in “the ” thing-in-itself ” and the ” phenomenon ” ceases.”  Because with the for mentioned religion, art, and morals we do not touch the “essence of the world in itself we are in the domain of representation or vorstellung1 in German and is translated by Hollingdale as Ideas and I think that’s better …”no ” intuition ” can carry us further.” Than Nietzsche states that the question “as to how our own conception of the world can differ so widely from the revealed essence of the world, to physiology2 and the history of the evolution of organisms and ideas

In one sentence:

With knowledge the “thing in itself” will disappear.

1 Vorstellung, a mental image or idea produced by prior perception of an object, as in memory or imagination, rather than by actual perception. (google)

2 the branch of biology dealing with the functions and activities of living organisms and their parts, including all physical and chemical processes. (dictionary.com)


Human, all too human a book for free spirits Part I translated by Helen Zimmern 1909

  1. THE HARMLESSNESS OF METAPHYSICS IN THE FUTURE.—Directly the origins of religion, art, and morals have been so described that one can perfectly explain them without having recourse to metaphysical concepts at the beginning and in the course of the path, the strongest interest in the purely theoretical problem of the ” thing-in-itself ” and the ” phenomenon ” ceases. For however it may be here, with religion, art, and morals we do not touch the “essence of the world in itself” ; we are in the domain of representation, no ” intuition ” can carry us further. With the greatest calmness we shall leave the question as to how our own conception of the world can differ so widely from the revealed essence of the world, to physiology and the history of the evolution of organisms and ideas.

Menschliches allzu menschlich 1878/80

  1. Harmlosigkeit der Metaphysik in der Zukunft. – Sobald die Religion, Kunst und Moral in ihrer Entstehung so beschrieben sind, dass man sie vollständig sich erklären kann, ohne zur Annahme metaphysischer Eingriffe am Beginn und im Verlaufe der Bahn seine Zuflucht zu nehmen, hört das stärkste Interesse an dem rein theoretischen Problem vom “Ding an sich” und der “Erscheinung” auf. Denn wie es hier auch stehe: mit Religion, Kunst und Moral rühren wir nicht an das “Wesen der Welt an sich”; wir sind im Bereiche der Vorstellung, keine “Ahnung” kann uns weitertragen. Mit voller Ruhe wird man die Frage, wie unser Weltbild so stark sich von dem erschlossenen Wesen der Welt unterscheiden könne, der Physiologie und der Entwickelungsgeschichte der Organismen und Begriffe überlassen.

Sources:

I will read a Dutch translation that is based on the work of researchers Colli and Montinari. I also use a translation from R.J.Hollingdale and the Gary Handwerk translation from the Colli-Montinari edition. Both are more modern than the copyright free translation I use here. This is a translation from 1909 by Helen Zimmern, who knew Nietzsche personally, but there was no critical study of Nietzsche’s work done back then and this translation suffers from that. The same goes for the translation from Alexander Harvey. My German is not good enough to pretend that I can translate it better than the professionals do but I will use the original as a referee.

  1. Menselijk al te menselijk een boek voor vrije geesten, translated by Thomas Graftdijk, 2000. Buy it here
  2. Human, all too human a book for free spirits, translated by R.J.Hollingdale, 1986
  3. Human, all too human a book for free spirits I V3, translated by Gary handwerk 1997
  4. Human, all too human a book for free spirits Part I, translated by Helen Zimmern 1909. Read it  here
  5. Human, all too human a book for free spirits, translated by Alexander Harvey, 1908. Read it here
  6. Menschliches allzu menschlich 1878/80. Read it here

 

 

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